Integrated Functional Anatomy of the:

Ankle Joint

Talocural (tibiotalar), Subtalar (talocalcaneal), Proximal and Distal Tibiofibular Joints

by Stefanie DiCarrado DPT, PT, MSCS, NASM CPT, CES, PES& Brent Brookbush DPT, PT, COMT, MS, PES, CES, CSCS, H/FS

Cadaver Dissection, soft tissue removed of the anterior ankle. Mortise, malleoli, head of talus and neck of talus clearly labeled. Cadaver Dissection of Ankle - By Anatomist90 - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

What's in a name

  • Ankle (n): "Old English ancleow "ankle," from PIE root *ang-/*ank- "to bend" (see angle (n.)). The modern form seems to have been influenced by Old Norse ökkla or Old Frisian ankel, which are immediately from the Proto-Germanic form of the root (source also of Middle High German anke "joint," German Enke "ankle"); the second element in the Old English, Old Norse and Old Frisian forms perhaps suggests claw (compare Dutch anklaauw), or it may be from influence of cneow "knee," or it may be diminutive suffix -el. Middle English writers distinguished inner ankle projection (hel of the ancle) from the outer (utter or utward)." (Etymology Online)
  • Joint (n): "c. 1300, "an (anatomical) joint, a part of a body where two bones meet and move in contact with one another, the structure that holds such bones together," from Old French joint "joint of the body" (12c.), from Latin iunctus "united, connected, associated," past participle of iungere "join" (see jugular). " (Etymology Online)
  • Tibia (n.): "lower leg bone, 1726, from Latin tibia "shinbone," also "pipe, flute" (originally one of bone), in which sense it originally came into English (1540s). Of unknown origin. The Latin plural is tibiæ. (Related: Tibial)." (Etymology Online)
  • Fibula (n.) "1670s, "clasp, buckle, brooch," from Latin fibula "clasp, brooch;