Functional Anatomy by Joint Action & Exercise: Upper Body

by Brent Brookbush DPT, PT, MS, PES, CES, CSCS, ACSM H/FS

Scapula:

 

Elevation (frontal plane) Depression (frontal plane)
Upward Rotation (frontal plane) Downward Rotation (frontal plane)
Protraction (transverse plane) Retraction (transverse plane)
Anterior Tipping (sagittal plane) Posterior Tipping (sagittal plane)

Shoulder:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shoulder Flexion (sagittal plane) Shoulder Extension (sagittal plane)
Shoulder Adduction (frontal plane) Shoulder Abduction (frontal plane)
Horizontal Flexion/Adduction (transverse plane) Horizontal Extension/Abduction (transverse plane)
Shoulder External Rotation (transverse plane) Shoulder Internal Rotation (transverse plane)

Elbow:

  • Brachioradialis
  • Brachialis
  • Biceps Brachii

 

  • Triceps (all heads)

 

  • Supinator
  • Biceps Brachii
  • Brachioradialis

  • Pronator Teres
  • Pronator Quadratus

 

Elbow Flexion (sagittal plane) Elbow Extension (sagittal plane)
Radioulnar Supination (transverse plane) Radioulnar Pronation (transverse plane)

Functional Anatomy of Common Upper Body Exercises:

Exercise: Reverse Fly
Plane:  Transverse
Joint ActionMuscles
ShoulderHorizontal AbductionPosterior Deltoid
ScapulaRetractionMiddle Trapezius, Rhomboids

 

Exercise: Chest Fly
Plane: Transverse
Joint ActionMuscles
ShoulderHorizontal AdductionPectoralis Major, Anterior

Any Questions or Concerns?

Social