Human Movement Science & Functional Anatomy of the:

Gluteus Minimus

by Brent Brookbush MS, PES, CES, CSCS, ACSM H/FS

Gluteus Minimus - Anatomography


By Any Other Name:

  • "TFL's Nasty Cousin" - Despite being associated with the gluteal muscles, the gluteus minimus has more in common with the Tensor Fasciae Latae.

Gluteus Minimus:

  • Origin: External surface of the ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines and margin of the greater sciatic notch (11).
  • Insertion: Anterior border of the greater trochanter of the femur and hip joint capsule (11).

    • The gluteus minimus is the deepest of the gluteal muscles, lying on the external surface of the ilium and being enveloped by the gluteus medius superficially.

      • Due to the depth of the gluteus minimus it cannot be easily palpated or easily differentiated from the overlying gluteus medius. You may attempt to palpate the overlying gluteus medius and sinking your fingers deeper into this tissue will undoubtedly place your fingers within the fibers of this musculature.   If you place your thumb on the PSIS (Posterior Superior Iliac Spine) and your index finger just Posterior to the ASIS (Anterior Superior Iliac Spine), and with your other hand, find the bony protuberance that is your greater trochanter (a few inches below the iliac spine) - you will create the shape of a piece of pie between your fingers.  This "piece of pie" outlines the gluteus medius.  Palpating the area you can feel the density of this muscle and the density of the