For an introduction to Special Tests including definitions of specific terminology, what special tests measure, how we chose the tests in these lessons, and best use, check out:

Special Tests Covered in this Lesson:

Anterior Instability and Labrum Pathology:

Research studies evaluating clusters for glenoid labrum pathology tend to group apprehension tests, tests that compress the labrum, tests for tolerance to resisted shoulder flexion, and/or tests that load the biceps tendon (4, 6, 7, 9, 24, 30, 32). However, current