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Glossary Term

physiological movements

Get a grasp of osteokinematic motion, the movement of bones around a joint, often described by terms such as flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and rotation. It involves the relative movement of the bone shafts. For instance, flexion and extension depict the osteokinematic motion of the elbow. Range of Motion (ROM) generally refers to this type of motion.

Movement of bones around a joint; described by the terms flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, internal rotation, external rotation, etc. You may think of this in terms of movement of the shafts of bones relative to one another.

  • Example, osteokinematic motion of the elbow includes flexion and extension.

Note: Range of Motion (ROM) most often refers to osteokinematic motion




  1. Bone Motion
  2. Joint Motion
  3. Osteokinematics

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