The overall consistency of a measure.
- Reliability refers to the ability of a test or assessment to produce consistently accurate results, time-after-time, regardless of who is performing the assessment. If an assessment cannot produce consistent results, than a professional cannot determine the accuracy of a measurement, compare that measurement to normative data, or reassess and compare measurements taken on two separate dates. Although the psychometrics and statistics used to determine whether a test is truly reliable are a bit complex, the concept behind reliability is fairly simple and falls into to two broad categories.
- Inter-tester reliability - assesses the agreement (or lack of) between two or more testers in their assessment.
- Intra-tester reliability - assesses the agreement (or lack of) between test scores from one test administration to the next (administered by a single tester).