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Overhead Squat Assessment 3 - Five Steps for Solving for Dysfunction

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The Overhead Squat Assessment 3 is a five-step process designed to identify and address common functional issues with squatting technique. Utilizing visual and tactile assessment of the body and movement, this assessment helps experienced coaches, therapists and trainers assess mobility, stability, and motor control issues in order to build customized plans to solve for dysfunctional squatting patterns. Overhead Squat Assessment 3 begins with assessing four fundamental criteria (foot position, knee position, torso position, and arm position). Next

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Transcript

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This is Brent coming at you with our
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three. In this video I'm going to give you my five simple steps on how to
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create a list of all of the muscles involved in any of the signs and
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dysfunctions that we see, during an overhead squat assessment. So the first
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thing you guys need to know is you have to know what optimal posture is first,
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before we can even determine what dysfunction look like looks like, we need
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to know what good looks like. Our second step is to identify the joint action
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that is responsible for the sign we identified in our overhead squat
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assessment, so you guys can go back to video 2 and look at all the signs we
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listed. Once we identify the joint action, we can go to step number three which is
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list all of the muscles responsible for that joint action. Now what we're going
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to assume is that steps two and three, has created a list for us of short and
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overactive muscles, at least we're going to presume that for now. This creates a
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list of short overactive structures that once we get to our corrective strategy,
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we're probably going to want to go ahead and tone down, make them less active and
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we're going to want to lengthen them somehow. In step 4 we're going to go
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ahead and think of the opposing joint action, so the opposing joint action is
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going to help us determine all the muscles that would be responsible for
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that opposing joint action, in which case they have been lengthened and are
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probably under active. Now with those muscles we probably want to increase
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their activity and get them integrated back into a normal movement pattern, so
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that we move with optimal posture. Now if I was going to take you guys through an
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example, so let's start with, let's say I saw excessive leaning forward which
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okay what joint is action is that, that's that's hip flexion. All right so if I'm
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thinking hip flexion, what are the muscles responsible for hip flexion you
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guys already know some of the muscles right, like we could say TFL, so if my TFL
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is involved in hip flexion and there's an excessive leaning forward, what do I
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want to do to that muscle? I want to tone it
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down, so I want to use some sort of release like technique, and I probably
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want to lengthen it. You guys know from watching some of those other videos
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something like a kneeling hip flexor stretch would work, and then we're going
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to go to the opposing joint action well if I have too much of this, too much hip
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flexion right that means I don't have enough hip extension, so somethings long
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and of course we have one of our big hip extensors that we all love to work but
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has a tendency to get under active, which is our glute max so you guys could be
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thinking well I'll do some glute max work, i'll do some glute max activation.
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You guys can look those videos up, maybe do some bridges, and then I can get them
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integrated in a nice big lower leg exercise like a squat to row. So once
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again guys I hope you guys can see how all of the rest of our videos in this
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series are going to start with this simple game plan right. I'm going to look
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at a dysfunction, I'm going to tell you guys what joint action goes with that
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sign, we're going to list the muscles responsible for that action which are
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short and overactive muscles, presumably we're going to list the opposing joint
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action and then of course the long muscles; and every time we do this we're
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going to end up creating a list of muscles that we need to address in our
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corrective exercise strategy. I hope that helps you guys understand the logic
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behind some of the stuff we do. It's not complicated, you do got to know your
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functional anatomy. All right you guys got to keep working n learning all of
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your muscles, but it's not a complicated concept and i know if you stay with me