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Glossary Term

Compensation Pattern

Compensation patterns are alternative movement patterns that the human body adopts to work around dysfunction or impairment in the movement system. A common example of compensation is functional knee valgus, where a lack of calf extensibility leads to inward bowing of the knees during a squat.

Compensation Pattern: An alternative movement pattern that has been adopted to compensate for dysfunction/impairment in the human movement system. For example, a lack of calf extensibility may limit dorsiflexion, leading to knees bow in (functional valgus) and excessive forward lean of the torso during a squat.