Upper Cervical Spine Stability Stability Tests and Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency (VBI) Tests

Special Tests: Upper Cervical Instability and Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency (VBI) Tests

Read Articles and Watch Embedded Videos:

Special Tests: Upper Cervical Spine Instability and Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency (VBI)

For an introduction to Special Tests including definitions of specific terminology, what special tests measure, how we chose the tests in these lessons, and best use, check out: Special Tests:...
Note: Answers and questions are randomized to prevent cheating. Failing to achieve a score of 70% on the final exam on your first or second attempt will result in being "locked-out" of the exam for 90 days.