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Glossary Term

Osteokinematic Motion

Osteokinematic motion: The movement of bones around a joint, commonly referred to as joint actions (e.g., flexion, internal rotation, abduction, etc.). Osteokinematic motions are distinct from arthrokinematic motions (e.g., spin, glide, roll, etc.).

Osteokinematic Motion: Movement of bones around a joint. Osteokinematic motions are the motions commonly referred to as "joint actions." Examples of osteokinematic motions include flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, internal rotation, external rotation, etc.

  • Note the term "osteokinematic motion" is distinct from "arthrokinematic motion ." Arthrokinematic motions are the small motions between joint surfaces that aid in maintaining joint surface congruence and include spin, glide (slide), roll, distraction (traction), and compression.

Range of motion (ROM) most often refers to osteokinematic motion, whereas passive accessory motion most often refers to arthrokinematic motion.

For more information on joint actions, check out our course and video lecture:

For more information on arthrokinematic motions, check out our course and video lecture: