Human Movement Science & Functional Anatomy of the:
by Brent Brookbush DPT, PT, COMT, MS, PES, CES, CSCS, ACSM H/FS
Serratus Anterior (Cadaver Dissection) - http://www.med.mun.ca/anatomy/media/ul_innervation/Serratus%20Ant%20Image151.jpg
What’s in a name
- serrate (adj.) “notched,” 1660s, from Latin serratus “sawlike, notched like a saw,” from serra “a saw,” of unknown origin. Related: Serrated; serrating. (Etymology Online)
- anterior (adj.) 1610s, Latin, literally “former,” comparative of ante “before” (see ante). Related: Anteriority. (Etymology Online)
- Notched muscle on the front
Attachments and Innervation:
Origin: Outer surfaces and superior borders of the upper eight or nine ribs (11, 22).
Insertion: Costal surface of the medial border of the scapula (11).
- The serratus anterior is a fan shaped muscle, which structurally may be divided into 3 sets of fibers. The first set of fibers (1st serration) insert into the superior angle of the scapula, originating on the first rib and occasionally the second (23). These fibers have a near horizontal fiber orientation, running parallel to the ribs they attach to. The second set of fibers ("2nd and 3rd serration") insert along the majority of the length of he medial border of the scapula, and course at a near 45º angle to the 2nd and 3rd rib.