For an introduction to goniometric assessment including definitions of specific terminology, defining a “good assessment,” discussion on what goniometry measures and best use, check out: Introduction to Goniometry

A list of potential restricting structures and links to articles on techniques specific to those structures is included below.  The lists were compiled using various texts (1 – 8), clinical outcomes, and predictive models of postural dysfunction in an attempt to consider all of the muscular, articular, fascial and neural structures that may restrict each motion.

Printable PDF - Assessment Templates

Hip Internal Rotation at 90 degrees of Flexion (90/90 Hip IR) (2, 9-17)

Hip Internal Rotation (90/90 Hip IR)

Firm End Feel

40 - 50° PROM

Fulcrum: Anterior aspect of patella Movement Arm: Through the center of the patellar tendon Stability Arm:  Parallel to the supporting surface