Lesson 14: Posterior Hip

(Gluteus maximus, medius, minimus and piriformis)

by Brent Brookbush DPT, PT, MS, PES, CES, CSCS, ACSM H/FS

Got Glutes?

Study GuideQuick Reference - Posterior Hip

Note: If you intend to do the activities below do not open the "Study Guide" - all the answers are already filled in.  The study guide is just a quick reference tool, similar to flash cards.  Great for last-minute prep' before an exam.


In this lecture we will be discussing the Muscles of the Posterior Hip: Gluteus maximus, medius, minimus and piriformis.


  • Gluteus – gluteus (n.) “buttocks muscle,” 1680s, from Modern Latin glutaeus, from Greek gloutos“the rump,” in plural, “the buttocks.” (Etymology Online)

    • Maximus – maximum (n.) 1740, from French maximum and directly from Latin maximum (pluralmaxima), neuter of maximus “greatest,” which is superlative of magnus “great, large” (see magnum). (Etymology Online)
    • Medius - medium (adj.) 1660s, "average," from medium (n.). The Latin adjective was medius. Meaning "intermediate" is from 1796. As a size designation from 1711. (Etymology Online)
    • Minimus - minimum (n.) 1660s, "smallest portion into which matter is divisible," from Latin minimum "smallest" (thing), neuter of minimus

Any Questions or Concerns?